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Geography of Serbia


Serbia,a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. Serbia borders Hungary to the north. On the east, it borders Romania and Bulgaria, Macedonia to the south, and Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Croatia on the west.


The province of Vojvodina lies in the northern part of the country and Kosovo lies in the south.

Serbia was part of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, but the country achieved its independence after Montenegro left the union in 2006.

Facts in brief about Serbia

Capital: Belgrade.

Principal language: Serbian.

Area: 34,116 mi2 (88,361 km2). Greatest distancesnorth-south, 305 mi (491 km); east-west, 210 mi (338 km).

Elevation: HighestMount Daravica, 8,714 ft (2,656 m) above sea level. Lowest115 ft (35 m) above sea level on Danube River at eastern border with Romania and Bulgaria.

Population: Current estimate9,519,000; density, 279 per mi2 (108 per km2).

Chief products: Agriculturecattle, corn, hogs, potatoes, sheep, sugar beets, wheat. Manufacturingautomobiles, cement, iron and steel, plastics, textiles, trucks. Miningcoal, copper, lead, zinc.

Money: Basic unitSerbian dinar (except for Kosovo); euro (Kosovo). One hundred paras equal one dinar. One hundred cents equal one euro.

Serbia is a largely mountainous country. Mount Daravica is Serbias highest point which is 8,714 ft (2,656m) above sea level.

The Pannonian Plains lie to the north of Serbia. This region is comparatively flat with a few hilly areas. However, the rest of Serbia is mountainous.

The Danubeone of Europes longest waterwaysenters Serbia from Hungary, forming part of the border between Serbia and Croatia.

It then flows southeast across the country to form part of Serbias border with Romania. The Danube River at eastern border with Romania and Bulgaria is 115 ft (35m) above sea level.

The Iron Gate Dam on the Danube stands at Iron Gate, a gorge at the border between Serbia and Romania. The power plant of the dam supplies electric power to the two countries.

The Morava river which flows northwards through the hills of southern and central Serbia finally flows into the Danube.

The Sava River flowing eastward empties itself into the Danube at Belgrade. The Tisa River ends its 1350 km long journey from Ukraine when it meets with the Danube at around 60 km to the northeast of Belgrade.

The Begej River (254 km) flows into the Tisa River near Titel. The partially navigable river of Timis (60 km/350 km) flows into the Danube near Pancevo

The Pannonian plains experience extremely cold winters with freezing winds that are known as Kosovo. The summers here are usually dry and hot, with temperatures often rising to about 100F (38C).

In Belgrade, on the edge of the Pannonian Plains, the average January temperature is 32F (0C). The average July temperature is 73F (23C).

Bitter cold winters exist in the rest of Serbia, with an extensive amount of snowfall. Heavy rains take place early in summer.