With a total area of 1,053,000 square miles, Kazakhstan is the world’s ninth largest country by surface and the world’s largest landlocked state.
The Asian country is bordered by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, as well as the Caspian Sea, while its land boundaries are 7,571.41 miles long.
According to a July, 2013 estimate the population of Kazakhstan is 17,700,000, making it the 62nd largest country in the world by population.
The capital is Astana, while the largest city is Almaty.
Population of Kazakhstan
In accordance to a July 2013 estimate provided by the CIA World Factbook, Kazakhstan is home to 17,736,896 people – ranked 61st among the world’s most populous countries. With a density of about 16 people per square mile, Kazakhstan has one of the lowest densities in the world, ranking 225th out of 243 sovereign territories.
The country’s growth rate in 2013 is estimated at 1.2 per cent, while birthrate is is 20.03 births/1,000 population.
Net migration rate is 0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population in 2013, sex ratio of total population is 0.92 male(s)/female, and life expectancy is 69.94 years (64.66 years for males and 74.88 years for females).
The population of Kazakhstan increased from 6.1 million in 1939 to 16.5 million in 1989, and peaked out at about 17 million in 1993. The number of inhabitants declined to 14.9 million in the 1999 census and bottomed out at 14.8 million in 2002.
The last census was carried out in 2009 and revealed a population of 16 million, of which 54 percent is urban and 46 percent is rural population. According to several estimated, Kazakhstan’s population will grow to 19.8 million in 2030 and 22.2 million in 2050.
Language in Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is known as a bilingual country, with Kazakh as state language and Russian as official language.
Kazakh is spoken by 64.4 percent of the population, while Russian, spoken by almost all the country’s inhabitants, is used in everyday business and as the “language of inter-ethnic communication”.
Other languages spoken in Kazakhstan are Ukrainian, German, Uzbek, and Tatar just to name a few.
English has also increasingly popular among the youth since the dissolution of the Soviet Union.