Bulgarian Culture

Bulgarian Culture
Bulgaria is a crossroad of the ancient civilisations of Thracians, Romans, Slavs and Bulgars, which have contributed to a heritage of literature and folklore. Though suffering through foreign invasions, the country has preserved a strong cultural identity. Many of the country’s artefacts are kept in monasteries and medieval churches throughout Bulgaria, while others can be traced in myths, legends, songs, dances, ancient customs and traditions.


Ancient Fine Arts were highly developed in Bulgaria and excavations have revealed such fine samples of silver, gold pottery, jewellery, terracotta and paintings.

Legend has it that Orpheus, a chief poet and musician of Greek mythology, lived in the country and enchanted people and animals with his beautiful songs.

Bulgaria’s cultural heritage was carefully protected and enriched throughout the centuries.

The upsurge of a national identity and liberation in Bulgaria began in the middle of the 19th Century, when a movement for enlightening and education arose against the Ottoman Empire, and when progressive ideas of Western Europe reached Bulgaria.

The strife for renovation of the Bulgarian mindset and spiritual life continues today. The government kept the best traditions of the national revival period and launched a policy to guide society to European intellectual life and modernisation.

Bulgarian culture was influenced by various cultures, yet has managed to preserve its national character. In the beginning of the 20th Century, Bulgarian life entered creative maturity, with professionalism and culture given a new interpretation.