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Language and population of Bosnia and Herzegovina


The three constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats, and languages are Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian.


Population (July 2004 est.): 3.8 million (Note: all data dealing with population are subject to considerable error because of the dislocations caused by armed conflict and ethnic cleansing from 1992-95. The most recent census was conducted in 1991.)

Population growth rate (2004 est.): 0.45%.

Ethnic groups: Bosniak 48.3%, Serb 34.0%, Croat 15.4%, others 2.3%. (Source: UNDP Human Development Report 2002--Bosnia-Herzegovina)

Religions: Muslim (40%); Orthodox (31%); Catholic (15%); Protestant (4%); other (10%).

Languages: Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian (formerly "Serbo-Croatian").