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Administrative Division of Spain


Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula and borders to Portugal to the west and to France and Andorra in the northeast along the Pyrenees. The Balearic Islands and the Canary Islands are located in the Mediterranean Sea and off the north-western coast of Africa, respectively.


In addition, Spain comprises five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberanía) on and off the coast of Morocco: Ceuta, Melilla, Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera.

Spain is divided into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades autónomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) (Ceuta and Melilla).

The communities have their own parliaments and regional governments with wide legislative and executive powers.

The powers of the communities differ as laid out in the "autonomy statute" (estatuto de autonomía), and there is a clear difference between the historical regions (Basque Country, Catalonia, Galicia, and Andalusia) and the others with respect to their functions.

The communities are subsequently divided into 50 provinces (provincias).

The provinces are of less administrative importance today, but they are still used as electoral constituencies.