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Overview of Peru


Officially name: The Republic of Peru

Capital: Lima

Largest city: Lima

Official language: Spanish

Government: Presidential republic


Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.


Total 1,285,216 km2 (20th)
Water (%) 0.41


2010 estimate 29,496,000 (43rd)
Density 23/km2 (191st)
57/sq mi

Currency: Nuevo Sol (PEN)

Time zone

Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)

Drives on the right

Internet TLD: .pe

Calling code: +51