Colombia

SHORT INFORMATION

Colombia - Education

Education is free and compulsory for five years in Colombia. Illiteracy is declining, having dropped from an estimated 90% at the end of the 19th century to an estimated 8.2% in 2000 (males, 8.2%; females, 8.2%).

SHORT INFORMATION

Geography of Colombia

The geography of Colombia is characterized by containing five main natural regions that present their own unique characteristics, from the Andes mountain range region shared with Ecuador and Venezuela; the Pacific Ocean coastal region shared with Panama and Ecuador; the Caribbean Sea coastal region shared with Venezuela and Panama; the Llanos (plains) shared with Venezuela; to the Amazon Rainforest region shared with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru and Ecuador. Colombia is one of only two South American countries which border both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

SHORT INFORMATION

Overview of Colombia

Officially name: The Republic of Colombia

Capital: Bogotá

Largest city: Bogotá

Official language: Spanish

Government: Unitary presidential republic