The main museums of Luxembourg are situated in the capital City of Luxembourg.
The National Museum of History and Art is an encyclopedic museum which comprises displays of archaeological artifacts, a well as contemporary and Modern Art represented by local artists.
The History Museum boasts a permanent collection and displays in an original, interactive and multimedia form, showcasing the 1,000-year-old history of the capital of the Grand Duchy.
Other forums of contemporary art include the Casino Luxembourg, which represents art produced when Luxembourg was noted as a European City of Culture in 1995, as well as the Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean, designed by the famous architect Leoh Ming Pei.
Since the beginning of the 20th Century, painting and sculpture have been prolific in Luxembourg, with the likes of such artists as Joseph Kutter, an Expressionist painter of landscapes and portraits.
After the Second World War, a development of Abstract Art and painters were influenced by the Paris School.Other painters of Luxembourg followed their own individual style, such as Fony Thissen and Emile Kirscht.
The art of Lucien Wercollier blossomed after 1945, with his impressive pieces of sculpture observed today in public places.
Today, many foreign and Luxembourg artists live and work in the country, such as the painters Jean-Marie Biwer, Patricia Lippert, Robert Brandy and Doris Sander, as well as sculptors Marie-Josee Kerschen, Jeannot Bewing and Liliane Heidleberger.
In June 2003, the Luxembourg artist Su-Mei tse won the Golden Lion prize at the International Exhibition of Contemporary Art in Venice, awarded to the best represented national participant.