Here are the main minority groups that make up the people of Belarus:
Russians (8.3%) have always lived in the region, with a large influx into the country after the Second World War
Poles (3.1%) have lived in the western side of the country for centuries
Ukrainians (1.7%) – the largest influx came in the 18th and 19th centuries
Jews (0,1%): the first Jews settled in Belarus in the 15th century, but emigration to Israel and other states since the 1980s means that the Jewish population of Belarus is now less than 30,000
Other significant minority groups in Belarus include Tatars, Roma, Lithuanians and Letts.
Belarusian and Russian are the official languages of Belarus.
Other languages such as Polish, Ukrainian and Hebrew are spoken within local communities.
By the beginning of 2018, the population of Belarus was 9,491,800 people.