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Political System of Ecuador


The Republic of Ecuador has a non-interfering legislature and the executive powers are stored in the hands of the government. It is grounded on representative democracy, where the representatives of the people enjoy a good amount of authority, which can be twisted according to the demands of circumstances. The representatives come to power with the help of the majority voting. The President is gifted with a title of being the head of both, government and state.


The government is vested with all the executive power, while the Congress and the government enjoy the legislative authority. The single chamber legislature of Ecuador is formed by a combination of hundred members that get elected from their competitive constituencies through the voting system followed by the country.

 They remain designated for a period of four years to be substituted by new members. The right to vote can be practiced by the citizens, having the age of fifteen years and above, universally. The judiciary does its proceedings freely. And the executive and the legislature are supposed to have no cause for intervening in the functioning area of Judiciary.

Being a system that promotes the existence of multiple parties, many a times there emerge governments constituted by the coalition of many parties. Some of the popular political parties of Ecuador are Ecuadorian Radical Liberal Party, Communist Party of Ecuador, Institutional Renewal Party of National Action, Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador and many others that appear to be a part of the politics of Ecuador. 

The new constitution that came into recognition in the August of the year 1998 has vested more powers in the mainly in the executive unit of the government. A remarkable change was seen in the elections of the year 1996, which witnessed people taking the unconventional move by stepping forward to get involved in the political scenario of Ecuador. 

Existing political Conditions

The political parties in Ecuador have been functioning like loose threads, not very cooperative among themselves and relying on the popular flamboyant leaders, rather than concentrating on policies to be introduced and programs to be implemented, in order to win the hearts of people. Moreover, a number of splits and disputes exist within the parties. Opposition forces also appear arguing over their differing views but they sometimes unite surprisingly and have shown their capability by overthrowing many parties in power.