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Overview of Ecuador


Officially name: The Republic of Ecuador

Capital: Quito

Largest city: Guayaquil

Official language: Spanish

Government: Unitary presidential republic


Ecuador is bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) west of the mainland.


Total 283,561 (with Galapagos) km2 (66th)
Water (%) 5


2010 estimate 14,790,608 (65th)
Density 53.8/km2 (151st)
139.4/sq mi

Currency: U.S. dollar (USD)

Time zone

ECT, GALT (UTC-5, -6)

Drives on the right

Internet TLD: .ec

Calling code: +593