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Culture of Chile


The culture of Chile is one of a relatively homogeneous society where historically its geographical isolation and remoteness has played a key role. Since colonial times, the Chilean culture was a mix of Spanish colonial elements and indigenous (essentially Mapuche) culture.



Chilean art refers to all kinds of visual art developed in Chile, or by Chileans, from the arrival of the Spanish conquerors to the modern day. It also includes the native pre-Columbian pictorial expression on modern Chilean territory.


The music of Chile ranges from folkloric music, popular music and also to classical music. Music of Easter Island have their own musical traditions. Central folk music is the best known.


Traditional Chilean clothing is very vivid, lively, and festive. It is also based a lot around comfort because most of the population in Chile work in jobs that use manual labor and modern fashion also has a lot of influence from traditional Chilean clothing because it is very patriotic, showing pictures that represent the country, it is very bright, and rare. 

This relates to the ethnic composition because most of the articles of clothing made take a lot of work and manual labor, which is the type of work that the majority of the population does, it is very versatile, and people from all walks of life can wear it.


Chilean cuisine stems mainly from the combination of traditional Spanish cuisine, Chilean native culture and local ingredients, with later influences from other European cuisines, particularly from Germany, Italy and France. The food tradition and recipes in Chile are notable for the variety of flavours and ingredients, with the country’s diverse geography and climate hosting a wide range of agricultural produce, fruits and vegetables. 

The long coastline and the peoples’ relationship with the Pacific Ocean add an immense array of seafood products to Chilean cuisine, with the country’s waters home to unique species of fish, molluscs, crustaceans and algae, thanks to the oxygen-rich water brought carried in by the Humboldt Current. Chile is also one of the world’s largest producers of wine and many Chilean recipes are enhanced and accompanied by local wines.


The Republic of Chile is an overwhelmingly Spanish-speaking country, with the exceptions of isolated native and immigrant communities. According to Ethnologue, Chile has nine living languages and seven extinct.


The literature of Chile is usually written in Spanish. Chile has a rich literary tradition.


Sports in Chile are performed in both amateur and professional levels, practiced both at home and abroad to develop and improve, or simply represent the country. Soccer is the most popular sport in Chile, however, the country’s most successful sport is tennis. In rural areas, Chilean rodeo is the most practiced sport in Chile, which is the national sport, and is considered to be the second most popular sport, after football (soccer). 

Chile has achieved great international success in other sports, and there have been important figures, however, such exploits are not known to the general population because they are not sports that have been popular throughout the country.


Chileans have several official holidays during the year. Some are the product of Chile’s history and others are based on Catholic celebrations.


The economy of Chile has shifted substantially over time from the heterogeneous economies of the diverse indigenous peoples to an early husbandry-oriented economy and finally to one of raw material export and a large service sector. A period of relative free trade that began with independence in the 1810s bought a modernizing development of certain sectors of the Chilean economy and to the formation of a local business class, a novelty in Chile.

As of 2012, the largest sectors by GDP were mining (mainly copper), business services, personal services, manufacturing and wholesale and retail trade. Mining also represented 59.5% of exports in the period, while the manufacturing sector accounted for 34% of exports, concentrated mainly in food products, chemicals and pulp, paper and others.

Major trading partners of Chile include China, United States, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, and Brazil.