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Geography of Slovakia


Slovakia, Republic of, a country in east-central Europe. From 1918 until 1993 it was a part of Czechoslovakia. Slovakia is bordered by Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Austria, and the Czech Republic.


Slovakia's terrain is generally mountainous.

Most of the country is covered by the Carpathian Mountains and branches of this range, including the Tatra and Nizke Tatry mountains.

Gerlachovský Peak, in the Tatra Mountains, is Slovakia's highest point, it reaches 8,711 feet (2,655 m) Lowlands occur in the Danube Basin in the southwest, and near where the Slovakian, Ukrainian, and Hungarian borders meet.

Major rivers in Slovakia include the Danube (which forms part of Slovakia's border with Hungary and with Austria), Váh, Hron, Hornád, and Laborec.

Most of these rivers are important sources of hydroelectric power.

Slovakia has a continental climate. Average temperatures in Bratislava, the capital, range from 70° F. (20° C.) in July to 31° F. (-1° C.) in January Average annual precipitation is generally between 25 and 30 inches (645 and 760 mm).