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Language and population of Hong Kong


Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world with an overall density of some 6,300 people per square kilometre.


Hong Kong has one of the world’s lowest birth rates—0.9 per woman of child-bearing age, far below the replacement rate of 2.1.

With just 1,032 babies born in 2009 to every 1000 fertile women, it is estimated that 26.8% of the population will be aged 65 or more in 2033, up from 12.1% in 2005.

The demographics of Hong Kong mainly consists of ethnic Chinese, making up more than 90% of the population.

The ancestral home of most Hong Kong people originates from various regions in Guangdong.

Most Hong Kong people nowadays are the descendants of immigrants from Mainland China and around the world after the end of World War II.

Despite Filipino and Indonedian foreign domestic helpers being the ethnic minorities, there are over 273,609 foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong, accounting for 4% of the entire population.

In Hong Kong, English and Chinese are the official languages as defined in the Basic Law of Hong Kong.

Since Britain\'s arrival in 1842, English became the sole official language of Hong Kong until 1974. The majority of the population in Hong Kong are descendants of migrants from mainland China.

Smaller minority groups include expatriates, immigrants from Western and Asian countries such as the Indian subcontinent, United Kingdom and the Philippines, and their descendants.

The diverse population directly results in the rich variety of languages heard.