The Old Russian culture is in the picture of the outstanding memorials of Kiev and Chernigov. The culture of the Ukrainian ethnos was formed in XIV-XV centuries.
The capital of Urkaine, Kiev, is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Numerous architectural monuments – the remains of the Golden Gate, St. Sofia Cathedral, the building of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, the Church of the Saviour at Berestove (where in 1157 the founder of Moscow, Jury Dolgoruky, was buried), as well as the ever-lively Kreschatik – the main street of the capital, old quarters of the city, numerous theatres and museums implant an ultimate experience in tourists. More detailed information about Kiev can be found in our section "the Capital".
Numerous monuments of architecture of XII century remained here. The well-known tourism center, which is situated on the high bank of the Desna river, is Novgorod-Seversky from where the Duke Igor Svyatoslavovych originated his march against the Polovtsians.
The most interesting are the Dormition Cathedral of the Eletsky Monastery, as well as the Eletskiy Holy Trinity monastery and the Transfiguration Cathedral, built up in XII century, and the Orthodox Cathedral of Sts.Boris and Gleb, which in XVII century was a Dominical monastery.
There are the relics of Saint Theodosius Chernigovsky canonized by the Russian Church in 1896, as well as Saint Lawrence’s canonized by the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in 1993 at the Holy Trinity cathedral.
Lvov is one of the most beautiful cities in Ukraine, which is memorable for its numerous ancient buildings, cathedrals, bastilles, and the old marketplace.
The central part of Lvov has been announced to be a historical and architectural preserve, and in 1998 it entered in a list of the UNESCO World Heritage.
About two thousand historical, architectural and cultural monuments are under protection. The architecture of Lvov represents a mix of Gothic and Baroque, Renascence and Romanic styles, Rococo and Empire, the modern eclectic and constructivism...
Many bright impressions will be made by the streets of a small town of Uzhgorod. The ancient town of Chernovtsy is cozy and picturesque. In the old Lutsk, founded by the Duke Vladimir, there are a lot of churches, and the Lubart's castle of XIV century.
Odessa is one of the most picturesque cities of the country. Odessa in itself is a place of interest, but you should definitely visit the famous Privoz and Deribasovskaya, Odessa Theater of Opera and Balley (second most beautiful in Europe) and the Potemkin Stairs (the biggest in the country), monuments “the Belt of Glory” at the defense border of Odessa,
the Hospital, Primorsky boulevard and Polukruglaya square (1826-1829) with the monument to Duke de Richelieu, the Vorontsov, Naryshkina and Pototsky Palaces, the Dormition monastery (1824) and the Seminary, the Old Exchange, Odessa Sea port (the biggest on the Black sea), etc.
The charming streets of Pushkin, Richelieu, Lanzheron and the famous Moldavanka, the unique complex of underground excavations ("Odessa underground"), ruins of the Turkish fortress in Tars Shevchenko park, Saint Maria Magdalena Church, as well as the first-class museums – Archeological (the richest collection of Egyptian, Scythian and Antique times),
the Art museum, the Naval museum, the museum of Literature, the museum of Western and Eastern Art, the Historical Regional Museum, the Literary-Memorial Pushkin museum and others are also worth seeing. Besides, Odessa coastal lakes with their therapeutic muds have been used as resorts since 1829. (Arcadia, Luzanovka, etc.).
The peninsula of the Crimea is a special natural and cultural region of Ukraine, the worldwide known resort zone, which includes the following towns: Yalta, Alushta and settlements of Gurzuf, Livadya, Planerskoye, Sudak, Koreiz, Muchalatka, and Foros.
The Big Yalta area includes a unique museum of the Institute of wine-growing and wine-making "Magarach" (founded in 1828), exotic funicular to the Darsan mountain (Ai-Petri mountain mass), Alupka and Massandra museum-palaces, numerous resort suburbs, the most famous of which are Mishor, Simeiz, Gaspra, Partenit (Frunsenskoye), and Gurzuf. The best Ukrainian dessert wines and portwines are produced in the Crimea.
The Southwest part of the country is interesting in terms of its nature and culture, where the cozy Carpathian mountains are situated, which are a place of interest for the travelers and skiers. For those who enjoy active rest, the Carpathians are the home place. You can see for youself: many kinds of extreme sports, which are practiced here are combined with economizing charges and the comfortable natural landscape.
Nearly all big Carpathian rivers are suitable for rafting but of not very high level of complexity/ danger. The mountains are not too high, earthquake-resistant, very well developed. The snow areas are vast and available five months a year.
There are a lot of ski bases in the Carpathians, and even the most common sanatoriums are often situated with skiing and snowboarding in mind. The ecology is at the highest level, so that doing sports for health, you are not at a risk of having an inverted effect «in return».
The biggest interest in the Northeast part of the country is represented by the cities of Dnepropetrovsk, Poltava and Kharkov.
Among the architectural monuments of Dnepropetrovsk (founded in 1776) is the Potemkin Palace (XVIII century), the Transfiguration Cathedral (XIX century).
One of the most ancient cities of Ukraine is Poltava, under which Peter the First defeated the troops of the Swedes. The “Glory Column” was built up in honor of that event.There are also many architectural monuments in the city.
Kharkov, which once appeared on the place of three rivers junction as a point of defense from the raids of the Crimean Tatars, from 1919 to 1934 was the capital of the Ukrainian Socialist Republic.
Among its architectural monuments there are the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin and the cathedral of the Dormition of the Holy Virgin (XVII-XIX centuries), as well as the big Catherine Palace (XVIII century), etc.