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Political System of Macedonia


The political system of Macedonia occurs within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, with an executive government made-up of a coalition of parties from the unicameral legislature and an independent judicial branch with a constitutional court. The Prime Minister is the head of the political system of Macedonia, and of a pluriform multi-party system.


The Constitutional System

The constitution of Macedonia was first adopted on 17th November 1991 and came into effect from 20th November 1991.

A number of amendments have been made, one in November 2001 to strengthen the rights of the minority and another in 2005 relating to the judiciary. The constitution stipulates the basic principles of democracy and guarantees democratic civil freedom.

Executive Branch

The President of Macedonia is the ceremonial head of the government, with the real power resting in the hands of the President of the Government.

In the Macedonian political system the President is the commander-in-chief of the armed force and also the president of the state Security Council.

He is elected for a term of five years and is eligible for re-election. Branko Crvenkovski is the current President of Macedonia with the Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski as the head of the government.

Legislative Branch

In the Macedonian government the Assembly or Sobranie has 120 seats. The members are elected for a term of four years by proportional representation, i.e. by popular vote from party lists based on the percentage of the overall vote the parties gain in each of six electoral districts.

Judicial Branch

The judiciary power of Macedonia's political system is exercised by the countries various courts. At the head is the Judicial Supreme Court followed by the Constitutional Court and the Republican Judicial Council. All the judges are appointed by the members of the Assembly.

The Party in Power

In the political system of Macedonia the current government is a coalition of VMRO-DPMNE, the he Democratic Party of Albanians, the Liberal Party of Macedonia, the New Social Democratic Party, the Socialist Party of Macedonia, and the Party for the Movement of Turks in Macedonia.

Administrative Divisions

In the last election held in the year 2005, the local government functions are divided between 78 municipalities. Skopje, the capital of Macedonia is governed as a group of ten municipalities collectively referred to as "the City of Skopje". All the municipalities are units of local self-government.