At the present time, Prague is the sixth most visited city in Europe.
The most important Prague’s historical places of interest are Hradčany and Prague Castle, the Old Town and the Jewish Quarter, the Lesser Town and medieval Charles Bridge and the New Town.
The Prague Castle was founded around 880, from the 10th century onwards it was not only the seat of country’s ruler, first princes and later kings, but also of the highest representative of the Church, the bishop of Prague.
Its walls conceal the crown jewels , the remains of Czech kings, priceless Christian relicts, precious arts of art and historic documents.
You can find there e.g. the Spanish hall and the Rudolph Gallery, the Cathedral of St. Vitus, the Southern Gardens, the Royal Gardens, the Royal Summer Palace, the Old Royal Palace, the Basilica and Convent of St George, The Golden Lane, the Lobkovicz Palace, the Prague Castle Gallery etc.
Josefov- Jewish Town is the most preserved complex of Jewish historical monuments in the Europe from the 13th century. The Old Jewish Cemetery, the Synagogues and the Jewish Town Hall are all places that survived from the original Jewish Quarter.
The Charles Bridge is the oldest of Prague’s bridges and one of the most beautiful in the world. It is lined with 30 statues of the saints and the work of Baroque masters such as Braun and the Brokoff family among others.
Prague is „The City of a Hundred Spires“- the most famous are The Old Town Bridge Tower, The Lesser Town Bridge Tower, The Old Town Hall, The Tower of the Church of St. Nicholas, The Powder Tower and the miniature copy of Eiffel Tower- The Petřín Tower in the Petřín Park- large and peaceful hillside park with many spectacular views overthe different areas of Prague.
The heart of the city is the Old Town and its central square with houses of Romanesque or Gothic origin, with fascinating house signs, the Old Town City Hall and the Temple of God´s Mother before Týn, the Baroque Church of Saint Nicholas and the Rococo Kinsky Palace.
The Square has always been a busy focal point, and today offers visitors a tourist information centre, as well as a number of restaurants, cafés, shops and galleries. You can find here also the Old Town Astronomical Clock – every time the clock strikes the hour is the procession of the 12 Apostles.
The Lesser Town is rich in splendid Baroque palaces and old houses with attractive signs. The centre of the Lesser Town has always been Malostranské square, dominated by the Church of St. Nicholas. You must see the Nerudova Street- a picturesque narrow street leading up to Prague Castle.
In the New Town is located the Wenceslas Square- an important commercial centre. Hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs and cinemas occupy many of the buildings. The dominant features of the square are the Statue of St Wenceslas and the National Museum behind it.
Prague has the best functioning public transport system in Central Europe. The spine of the system is the Subway network, to which is linked a network of bus and tram lines.
Prague’s Ruzyně International Airport is located on the north-west edge of Prague, approx.15 km from the town center.
Area: 496 km2
Number of citizens: 1 170 571 ( 2004 )
Time zone: Central European ( GMT+1).
Summer time - Central European +1( GMT +2).
Altitude: 235 m ( average).
Climate: average yearly temperature 9 °C, July: 19 °C, January: - 0,9 °C.
Bridges across Vltava river : 19 in total
Historic centre: Hradčany, Malá Strana ( Lesser Town), Staré Město ( Old Town) including Josefov, Nové Město ( New Town) and Vyšehrad
Number of towers: approx. 500
Parks and gardens: 870 ha
Founding of the city: 9th century