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Geography of Portugal


Portugal is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and Spain to the north and east.. In addition, Portugal's area also includes the islands of Azores and Madeira in the Atlantic Ocean. Portugal is considered one of the world's most developed countries and it has a very strong economy as well as a very high quality of life as determined by the Human Development Index.


Population: 10,760,305 (July 2011 estimate)

Capital: Lisbon

Bordering Country: Spain

Area: 35,556 square miles (92,090 sq km)

Coastline: 1,114 miles (1,793 km)

Highest Point: Ponta do Pico at 7,713 feet (2,351 m)

Portugal is located in southwestern Europe with 1,114 miles (1,793 km) of coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.

The total area of Portugal includes both its mainland on the Iberian Peninsula as well as the archipelagos of Madeira and Azores in the Atlantic Ocean.

The highest point in Portugal, Ponta do Pico at 7,713 feet (2,351 m), is located on the island of Pico in the Azores.

In general the topography of Portugal's mainland consists of mountains in its northern areas and rolling plains in the south.

The climate of Portugal is maritime temperate but it varies based on location within the country. In the north it is cool and rainy, while the south is generally warm and dry.

Portugal's capital and largest city, Lisbon, is located in central Portugal on the Atlantic coast and its average August high temperature is 82˚F (28˚C). The average January low temperature for Lisbon is 46.6˚F (8˚C).