It has a vineyard area of 148,500 hectares (367,000 acres) of which 107,800 hectares (266,000 acres) are used for commercial production.
The remaining 40,700 hectares (101,000 acres) are vineyards planted in villages around the houses used to make home-made wine, or "vin de casa".
Many families have their own recipes and strands of grapes that have been passed down through the generations.
In 2009, Moldova was the twenty-second largest wine producing country in the world. Most of the country's commercial wine production is for export.
European grape varieties are used in wine making: Sauvignon, Cabernet, Muscat, etc. Domestic Moldovan varieties include Fetească, Rara neagră, Moldova, etc.
Sparkling wines have a special place in Moldovan cuisine. The country produces large quantities of classic white and pink sparkling wines, as well as red sparkling wines that were originally introduced in Moldova.
The most famous sparkling wines are those made in Cricova winery.
Known brands of Moldovan sparkling wines are Negru de Purcari,Moldova, Chişinău, Cricova, Muscat spumant, National, Nisporeni and others.
They are made from a wide range of European grape varieties: Chardonnay, Pinot blanc, Pinot gris, Pinot menie, Sauvignon, Aligote, Traminer pink, Muscat blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot noir. The local variety Feteasca Albă, also used in sparkling wines, has been cultivated in Moldova since the times of ancient Dacia.