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Chisinau - the capital of Moldova


Chisinau is the capital of Moldova. It is the largest city of the country and its political, administrative, economical and cultural centre.


The name Chisinau comes from Romanian word "chisla noua" which reffers to a spring on the corner of Pushkin and Albisoara streets around which the original city was built .

Chisinau has its own emblem and flag which has been changed several times . Today's emblem was designed after Bessarabia was joined to Romania.

It represents escutcheon with a golden eagle on an azure background. The eagle has an emblem on its breast containing the head of a bull, a star, a rose and a half-moon symbols of the Moldovan pricipality.

This emblem was restored after the dissolution of the USSR. The modern flag of Chisinau is white with the emblem of the city situated in the center. The emblem is laid over a semiabstract branch of white and brown flowers.

Chisinau is situated in the centre of the republic on the river Bic. The city lies on seven hills and occupies the territory of around 120 sq. km. In Chisinau there are 23 lakes which are mostly situated in the parks.

The capital of Moldova is considered to be one of the greenest cities in Europe. There are many parks in the city and the trees grow on almost every street. In the parks live about 14 species of birds and 14 species of amphibians. There also live some mammals. In the lakes also live fishes.

Nowadays the population of Chisinau is more than 700 000 inhabitants. However it was much less. Chisinau was rather a village than a city. In 1774 the population of Chisinau amounted just 600 inhabitants.

Since that times population of Chisinau constantly grew up till the USSR dissolution. Since the USSR dissolution the population of Chisinau started to decrease. However anyway today Chisinau is the largest city in Moldova in terms of number of inhabitants.

As the population grew the city also grew in its territory and in a certain time there appeared need to divide city in sectors.

Nowadays Chisinau is divided into 5 sectors: Centru (translated from Romanian as "center"; this is the oldest part of the city), Riscani, Botanica, Ciocana and Buiucani.

For the first time Chisinau was mentioned in historical documents on 17 July 1436. It got status of a city in 1818 soon after becoming a part of Russian Empire.

Chisinau became a capital city in 1940 when there was established Moldavian Soviet Socialistic Republic. After USSR dissolution Chisinau was declared to be the capital city of Moldova and it is the capital city till nowadays.