The mean temperature of the air from North to South ranges between +7.5 0C and +10 0C. The temperature of the soil ranges between +10 0C and +12 0C.
There are 2060–2360 hours of sunshine per year in Moldova; temperatures above freezing are registered 160–200 days per year; and precipitation ranges between 370 and 560 mm/year and more than 10% falls as snow, which can melt several times during winter.
The Winter in Moldova is moderate, with a mean temperature in January of –5 to -3 0C. Some days it can fall to –15 to -20 0C, and during an intrusion of the arctic air mass even to –35 0C.
The spring is not stable, as the number of sunny days and the mean air temperature is rising. In May the temperature is around +15 0C, decreasing the risk of late frosts.
The summer is hot and long, with the long periods of drought. The mean temperature in July is +19.5 to +22 0C, but sometimes can reach +35 to +40 0C. The summer rains are in most cases heavy and of short duration, sometimes causing local flooding.
The autumn is warm and long too, a so-called “Indian summer”. In November the mean temperature falls to +5 to +3 0C and may bring the first snowfalls and frosts.