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Overview of Yemen


The modern Republic of Yemen was born in 1990 when traditionalist North Yemen and Marxist South Yemen merged after years of border wars and skirmishes. But the peace broke down in 1994 and a short civil war ended in defeat for separatist southerners and the survival of the unified Yemen.

Since unification Yemen has been modernising and opening up to the world, but it still maintains much of its tribal character and old ways. Tensions persist between the north and the south; some southerners say the northern part of the state is economically privileged.


Capital and largest city: Sana‘a

Official language: Arabic

Demonym: Yemeni, Yemenite

Government: Presidential System
- President Ali Abdullah Saleh (GPC)
- Vice President Abd Al Rab Mansur Al Hadi
- Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawar
- Deputy Prime Minister Abdulkarim Al-Arhabi

- Total 555,000 km2 (49th)
- Water (%) negligible

- 2009 estimate 23,580,000[1] (51st)
- July 2007 census 22,230,531
- Density 44.7/km2 (160th)

Currency Yemeni rial (YER)

Time zone (UTC+3)

Drives on the right

ISO 3166 code YE

Internet TLD .ye

Calling code 967