Traditionally, Mongols practiced Shamanism, worshipping the Blue Sky. However, Tibetan Buddhism (also called Vajrayana Buddhism) gained more popularity after it was introduced in 16th century.
Today the Mongolia has more than 2, 8 million population and over 1 million people live in rural areas and are mainly engaged in traditional livestock herding and some extent in crop production.
Ulaanbaatar (Улаанбаатар), also Ulan Bator or simply just UB, is the capital of Mongolia. With a population of around 1.2 million, it is also the largest city in Mongolia.