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Culture of Bhutan


Bhutan is the landlocked nation set amidst the gorgeous Himalayas. It is the most peaceful and highly conservative land on Earth. The beautiful place has a culture which is considered as one of the oldest.


They have well preserved their culture and tradition. Very recently they opened up the way for tourism as they fear influence of any external culture.

To maintain the cultural heritage and economical independence, Bhutan has always followed the policy of isolation.

Physical features of Bhutanese are quite similar to those of Tibetan. The Tantric Guru Padmasambhava is revered by both Bhutanese and Tibetan.

The Tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism is the official religion of Bhutan. Religion in Bhutan is very deep rooted in the society.

It is an important factor in the development of Bhutanese society. On entering the Druk Yul, that what the people of Bhutan call their nation, which means the land of thunder dragons, you will witness colourful prayer flags on the hillsides fluttering offering prayers for the benefit of all. Religion is followed in every aspect of the life.

All the houses have a white flag in their roofs which shows their religious offerings to the god. Each district has huge Dzong, a high-walled fortress which is the administrative and religious centre of the district.

Bhutan culture gives more powers to the Bhutanese woman than compared to the women of other surrounding cultures.

Land property is managed by the anchor woman of the family and when she is not able to manage all, the rights are passed on to the daughter, sister or niece.

Men and women both can be the breadwinners of the family. Men too take active part in the house management. They often cook, make and repair clothes.

In cities, you can see the usual pattern like man the breadwinner and the woman as the house maker. It is a very modern place, and apart from being modern and growing with time, Bhutan has not forgotten its age old tradition and beliefs.

Marriages are solemnized with the exchange of white scarves and the sharing of the cup. To get married, a certificate is required from the Court of Law, but most marriages are performed by a religious leader.

It is the groom which moves to the family of bride, but couple can move to either family.

Bhutan lifestyle is more based on the culture. There is national dress code for all Bhutanese which they have to follow in day hours in public. This is known as the Driglam Namzha.

Both Buddhists and Hindus believe in reincarnation and the law of karma. Lifestyle in Bhutan is limited by many rules.

Like when they visit a temple of Dzong or a high level official, male commoners have to wear a white sash, from the left shoulder to the opposite hip.

And a narrow embroidered clothe is worn on the shoulders by the women. With all its traditions, it is interesting to know about Bhutan culture.