Education in Botswana is free for the first 10 years, which completes the cycle through middle school. The first 7 years of this are at primary school, where the pupil-teacher ratio is approximately 13 to 1.The medium of education is Setswana for the 1st 4 years, thereafter English.
Botswana doesn’t have much of a literary tradition; all that survives are ancient myths and poetry written in praise. Indigenous languages only started being written when Christian missionaries arrived in Botswana in the late 19th century. Indigenous tribal rituals are still being practiced today with cults holding their sway.