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Estonia water bodies


Estonia has a long, indented and diverse coastline of 3,794 km. In western Estonia, rising land slowly and steadily creates new coastal wetlands, which appear as shallow bays and inlets, coastal lagoons and marshes, or coastal meadows and mud flats.


The Estonian coast differs from the rough granite seaboard of its northern neighbour Finland and the straight sand beaches of Latvia to the south.

The Estonian coast changes from sheer limestone cliffs in the north to sandy beaches and shelving coastal meadows in the west.

Formerly, these coastal meadows were extensive; today only a few are grazed, the rest having become overgrown with juniper or reed. Migrating birds find this long diverse coastline extremely attractive.

Estonian sea is quite shallow and fresh. Saltiness is from 3 to 10 per mil, so it is something between ocean and lake, so called brackish water. .

Most of the seashore is quite stony, what makes is good place of habitation for sea trout and salmon. As very various, our seashore creates good conditions for many kinds of fishing, like casting from seashore, casting from the boat, trolling and many more. Most common fishes in sea: pike, perch, sea trout, salmon, flatfish, powan, vimba and many more.


Rivers in Estonia are quite various, from big, wide and slow rivers to small, clear and fast-running streams. There are over 7000 streams and rivers, only 10% of them are longer than 10 km, 10 rivers are longer than 100 km.

Longest river is Võhandu (162km), in South-Estonia. River with biggest fall is also in South-Estonia and it is called Piusa. Rivers of North Estonia cut into a limestone plateau and rivers there are quick-running with lots of rapids.

In North- Estonia there are about 20 waterfalls. Middle-Estonia is famous for its numerous clear-water spring rivers. In the South-Estonian uplands, a lot of rivers run in beautiful valleys between sandstone outcrops.

Rivers in Middle-Estonia are spring-fed rivers with totally clear water and are almost not influenced by the weather. It is possible to fish there all year long- they don’t freeze at all.

List of fishes is long in Estonian rivers, due to a variety of rivers. Most common fishes in our rivers are: pike, brown trout, grayling, id, perch, chub, pike perch and many more. This makes fishing in rivers effective during a whole year. Most of the rivers run on the solid basis and wading is possible.


There are over 1200 lakes in Estonia, 200 of them are artificial. Biggest lake is the lake fo Peipus, which is one the biggest lakes in Europe.But most of the lakes are quite small, about 5 to 20 hectares. Lakes cover 4,7% of Estonia territory.

Lakes are very various, just like rivers. From small and shallow lakes to big and deep ones. Transparency of lakes is very various.

Some lakes are very transparent and clear, while other lakes are quite soggy and opaque. In most of the lakes You need a boat to reach a better fishing spots, but there are also some lakes where fishing from shore is possible. Main fishes in Estonian lakes are pike, perch, pikeperch, bream, carp, tench and many more.