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Geography of Gabon


Gabon is a country in West Africa, lying along the Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Bight of Biafra.



Gabon has a total of 3,261 km of international boundaries. It borders Equatorial Guinea (335 km) and Cameroon (349 km) to the north and the Republic of the Congo (2,567 km) to the east and south. Gabon lies on the equator.

Maritime claims

Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22 km)
Contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44 km)
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370 km)


Land Use(2012)

• Arable land 1.26 %
• Permanent crops 0.66 %
• Other 98.08%
Narrow coastal plain with patches of Central African mangroves; hilly interior; savanna in east and south.

Irrigated land: 44.5 km² (2003)
Total renewable water resources: 164 km3 (2011)


International agreements:

Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

Signed, but not ratified: None of the selected agreements

Extreme points

Northernmost point - unnamed location on the border with Cameroon on the Ntem River, Woleu-Ntem province

Easternmost point - unnamed location on the border with the Republic of Congo immediately south-west of the Congolese village of Mbeyi-Mbola, Haut-Ogooué province

Southernmost point - the point at which the border with the Republic of Congo enters the Atlantic Ocean, Nyanga Province

Westernmost point - the north-west point of Cape Lopez, Ogooué Maritime province