Overview of Canada

Overview of Canada
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.


Officially name: Canada

Capital: Ottawa

Largest city: Toronto

Official language: English and French

Government: Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy


  • Total 9,984,670 km2 (2nd)
  • Water (%) 8.92


  • 2019 estimate 37,602,103 (38th)
  • 2016 census 35,151,728
  • Density 3.92/km2 (10.2/sq mi) (228th)

Currency: Canadian Dollar ($) (CAD)

Time zone
(UTC−3.5 to −8)
Summer (DST) (UTC−2.5 to −7)

Drives on the right

Internet TLD: .ca

Calling code: +1