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Overview of Palau


Palau, officially the Republic of Palau, is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, some 500 miles (800 km) east of the Philippines and 2,000 miles (3,200 km) south of Tokyo. Having emerged from United Nations trusteeship in 1994, it is one of the world's youngest and smallest sovereign states. In English, the name is sometimes spelled Belau in accordance with the native pronunciation. It was formerly also spelled Pelew.


Capital: Melekeok

Largest city: Koror

Official languages: English, Palauan

Recognised regional languages
- Japanese
- Sonsorolese (in Sonsoral)
- Tobian (in Hatohobei)

Demonym: Palauan

Government: Democratic presidential republic
- President Johnson Toribiong
- Vice President Kerai Mariur

Independence from UN Trust Territory status
- Date October 1, 1994

- Total 459 km2 (196th)
- Water (%) negligible

- 2010 estimate 20,879 (218th)
- Density 28.4/km2

Currency: US dollar (USD)

Time zone: (UTC+9)

Drives on the right

ISO 3166 code: PW

Internet TLD: .pw

Calling code: +680