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Overview of New Caledonia


New Caledonia has a special status of sui generis collectivity of France. It is located in the subregion of Melanesia in the southwest Pacific.


Capital and largest city: Nouméa

Official language: French

Local languages: New Caledonian languages, Loyalty Island languages and Tayo

Government: Dependent territory
- Presidential Head of State Nicolas Sarkozy
- President of the Government of New Caledonia Philippe Gomès
- High Commissioner Yves Dassonville

Sui generis collectivity of France
- Annexed by France 1853
- Overseas territory 1946
- Sui generis collectivity 1999

- Total 18,575 km[sup]2[/sup] (154th)

- Jan. 1, 2009 estimate 249,000 (178th)
- Aug./Sept. 2004 census 230,789
- Density 13/km[sup]2[/sup] (200th)

Currency CFP franc (XPF)

Time zone (UTC+11)

ISO 3166 code NC

Internet TLD .nc

Calling code