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Overview of Japan


Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".


Officially name: The State of Japan

Capital: Tokyo

Largest city: Tokyo

Official language: None

Government: Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy

Total Total 377,944 km2 (61st)
Water (%) 0.8

2010 estimate 127,360,000 (10th)
Density 337.1/km2 (36th)
873.1/sq mi

Currency: International Symbol ¥ Pronounced (Yen)
Japanese Symbol 円 (or 圓 in Traditional Kanji) Pronounced (En) (JPY)

Time zone
Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)

Drives on the left

Internet TLD: .jp

Calling code: 81