Much of northern Mexico is desert. The Chihuahua Desert is covers the center and eastern part of Mexico. The Sonora Desert extends from the center of Mexico to the Pacific Coast.
Mexico City is arguable the largest metropolis in the world with a population of over 17 million people in the greater Mexico City area. Mexico City is the capital of Mexico and plays an important role in the political and economic development of the country. It is also the home to many historical points of interests including museums, churches, Spanish architecture and indigenous cultural sites.
Surrounding Mexico City are a series of mountain ranges, raising the elevation of Mexico City to over seven thousand feet above sea level. Mexico's mountain ranges include the Sierra Madre Occidental in the east, the Sierra Madre Oriental in the west, and the Sierra Volcanica Transversal which lies to the south of Mexico City. One of the more famous mountain peaks in Mexico is Popocatepetl, which means “Smoking Mountain” in the Aztec language of Nahuatl.
Mexico’s coast is lined with tropical beaches both along the Pacific Ocean and along the Caribbean Sea. The tropical beaches of Mexico are among the countries most commonly visited destinations by tourists.