Geography of Honduras

Honduras is a republic in Central America. The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.


Climate of Honduras

The climatic types of each of the three physiographic regions differ. The Caribbean lowlands have a tropical wet climate with consistently high temperatures and humidity, and rainfall fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The Pacific lowlands have a tropical wet and dry climate with high temperatures but a distinct dry season from November through April. The interior highlands also have a distinct dry season, but, as is characteristic of a tropical highland climate, temperatures in this region decrease as elevation increases.


Overview of Honduras

Honduras is a republic in Central America.

Capital and largest city: Tegucigalpa

Official language: Spanish

Recognised regional languages: Garifuna, English, Miskito,and other indigenous languages

Ethnic groups: 90% Mestizo mixture of European and American Indian
7% Amerindian
2% Black
1% White