Overview of Belize

Overview of Belize
Belize is a democratic constitutional monarchy, and the northernmost Central American nation.


Capital: Belmopan

Largest city: Belize City

Official language: English

Recognised regional languages: Kriol, Spanish, Garifuna, Maya, Plautdietsch

Ethnic groups: Mestizo, Kriol, Maya, Garinagu, Mennonite, East Indian

Government: Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
- Monarch Elizabeth II
- Governor-General Sir Colville Young
- Prime Minister Dean Barrow

Independence from the United Kingdom
- Date 21 September 1981


  • Total 22,966 km2 (150th)
  • Water (%) 0.7


  • 2019 estimate 408,487
  • 2010 census 324,528
  • Density 17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (213th)

Currency: Belize dollar (BZD)

Time zone: central time (UTC-6)

Drives on the right

ISO 3166 code: BZ

Internet TLD: .bz

Calling code: 501