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Geography of Swaziland


Swaziland is a country in Southern Africa, lying between Mozambique and South Africa. The country is located at the geographic coordinates 26°30′S 31°30′E. Swaziland has an area of 17,363 square kilometres, of which 160 are water. The major regions of the country are Lowveld, Midveld and Highveld.


The terrain largely consists of mountains and hills, with some moderately sloping plains. The lowest point is the Great Usutu River, at 21 metres, and the highest is Emlembe, at 1,862 m.

As a landlocked country, Swaziland has neither coastline nor maritime claims. In terms of land boundaries, Swaziland borders Mozambique for 105 kilometres, and South Africa for 430, giving a total land boundary length of 535 km.

Natural resources

Swaziland possesses the following natural resources: asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

670 km² of the country's land is irrigated. The following table describes land use in Swaziland.


The Kingdom of Swaziland is prone to floods and drought. Soil erosion as a result of overgrazing is a growing problem.

Swaziland is part of the following international agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban and Ozone Layer Protection. The country has signed, but not ratified the agreement on desertification, and the law of the sea.

Extreme points

This is a list of the extreme points of Swaziland, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.

Northernmost point - unnamed location of the border with South Africa immediately north of the village of Horo, Hhohho District

Easternmost point - the tripoint with South Africa and Mozambique, Lubombo District

Southernmost point - unnamed location on the border with South Africa, Shiselweni District

Westernmost point - a section of the border with South Africa, Manzini District

Note: Swaziland does not have a westernmost point as the western-most section of the border is formed by the 31° longitude