El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change. The Pacific lowlands are uniformly hot; the central plateau and mountain areas are more moderate.
El Salvador is located in Central America. It has a total area of 8,123 square miles (21,040 km2) (about the size of Massachusetts or Wales).
Officially name: Republic of El SalvadorCapital: San SalvadorLargest city: San SalvadorOfficial language: SpanishGovernment: Presidential republic