Language and population of Gibraltar

  • 1863

Gibraltar ( /dʒɨˈbrɔːltər/) is a British overseas territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula at the entrance of the Mediterranean. A peninsula with an area of 6.843 square kilometres (2.642 sq mi), it has a northern border with Andalusia, Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region. At its foot is the densely populated city area, home to almost 30,000 Gibraltarians and other nationalities.

Tell your friends

The official language of Gibraltar is English, and is used by the Government and in schools.

Most locals are bilingual, also speaking Spanish, due to Gibraltar\\'s proximity to Spain.


However, because of the varied mix of ethnic groups which reside there, other languages are also spoken on the Rock.

Berber and Arabic are spoken by the Moroccan community, as are Hindi and Sindhi by the Indian community of Gibraltar.

Hebrew is also spoken by the Jewish community and the Maltese language is still spoken by some families of Maltese descent.

Gibraltarians often converse in Llanito (pronounced: [ʎaˈnito]).[54] It is an Andalusian Spanish based vernacular and unique to Gibraltar.

It consists of an eclectic mix of Andalusian Spanish and British English as well as languages such as Maltese, Portuguese, Italian of the Genoese variety and Haketia (Ladino).

Andalusian Spanish is the main constituent of Llanito, but is also heavily influenced by British English.

However, it borrows words and expressions of many other languages, with over 500 words of Genoese and Hebrew origin.[55] It also often involves code-switching to English.

Gibraltarians often also call themselves Llanitos.

Gibraltar is one of the most densely populated territories in the world, with a population estimated in 2008 of 29,286, equivalent to approximately 4,290 inhabitants per square kilometre (11,100 /sq mi).

The growing demand for space is being increasingly met by land reclamation; reclaimed land currently comprises approximately one tenth of the territory\\'s total area.