Languages of Albania

  • 1209

Republic of Albania, Republika e Shqipërisë. 3,154,000. National or official language: Tosk Albanian. Literacy rate: 85%. Blind population: 2,000. Deaf population: 204,565 (1998). The number of individual languages listed for Albania is 7. Of those, all are living languages.

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Albanian
A macrolanguage. Population total all countries: 5,825,018.

Albanian, Gheg
1,800,000 in Albania (2007). North. Alternate names: Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni. Dialects: Mandrica, Ship (Kosove), Scutari, Elbasan-Tirana. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg

Albanian, Tosk
2,900,000 in Albania (1989).

Population total all countries: 3,035,000. Mainly south to Shkumbi River. Also in Belgium, Croatia, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Turkey (Europe), Ukraine, United States.

Alternate names: Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe. Dialects: Arbanasi (Zadar), Srem (Syrmia), Camerija, Korca. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official Standard Albanian since 1952. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk

Aromanian
10,000 in Albania (Salminen 1993). Ethnic population: Up to 400,000 in Albania. South, especially in Korçë, Lushnjë, Pernët, Gjirokastër, Sarandë, Berat, Durrës, Kavajë, and Tiranë. Alternate names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumun, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlach. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern

Greek
60,000 in Albania (1989). South. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic

Macedonian
150,000 in Albania. Alternate names: Macedonian Slavic, Slavic. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern

Romani, Vlax
60,000 in Albania (1991). Dialects: Southern Vlax Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax

Serbian
297,000 in Albania (2007). Southwest. Alternate names: Montenegrin. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western