Climate of Mali

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Mali's climate ranges from subtropical in the south to arid in the north.

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The country is mostly dry, with 45 months of rainy season. In Bamako, at an elevation of 340 meters (1,115 ft) above sea level, temperatures generally range from 16 to 39 C (60.8 to 102.2 F). January is the coldest month, with temperatures ranging from 16 to 33 C (60.8 to 91.4 F), and April is the hottest month, with temperatures averaging 34 to 39 C (93.2 to 102.2 F). Annual precipitation in Bamako averages 1,120 millimeters (44.1 in). The driest months are December and January with zero rainfall. The wettest month is August, which averages 220 millimeters (8.7 in) of rainfall. Most of the country receives negligible rainfall, and droughts are a recurring problem. During dry seasons, a hot, dust-laden harmattan haze is also common. Flooding of the Niger River occurs regularly in the rainy season (approximately June/JulyNovember/December).