Overview of Madagascar

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Officially name: The Republic of Madagascar

Capital: Antananarivo

Largest city: Antananarivo

Official language: Malagasy, French, English (disputed)

Government: Caretaker government

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The Republic of Madagascar is an island nation in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. The main island, also called Madagascar, is the fourth-largest island in the world.


Total 587,041 km2 (45th)
Water (%) 0.13


2009 estimate 20,653,556 (55th)
Density 35.2/km2 (174th)
91.1/sq mi

Currency: Malagasy ariary (MGA)

Time zone

Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)

Drives on the right

Internet TLD: .mg

Calling code: +261